Key Messages

In India, the electrification of the transportation sector is considered a vital strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and air pollution. Therefore, the central and state governments have introduced policies, financial schemes, guidelines, and standards to accelerate the uptake of electric vehicles (EV). In addition to its favourable impact on the environment, transition to electric mobility can also expedite India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) goals to reduce GHG emission intensity of its gross domestic product (GDP) by 33-35% by 2030, from 2005 level. Though EVs have been around for a long time in India, recent developments in the policy ecosystem have been catalytic in the electrification of the transportation sector in the last decade.

The Current EV Policy Ecosystem in India