This report contains the following elements:
▪ A listing of the policies/ programmes/ schemes/ missions/ laws applicable within boundary of the state of Gujarat considered for analysis across the sectors
▪ Analysis of achievement of targets under the policies/ programmes/ schemes/ missions/ laws. and an its assessment of GHG emission implications
▪ An assessment, wherever possible of the positive and/or negative impacts of the implementation of these policies on the climate
▪ The assumptions involved in making our assessment as well as the information that we have considered for arriving at our conclusions
This document seeks to highlight the impacts that the implementation of certain specific policies, programmes, schemes, missions, laws, etc. may be having on the climate. Where these impacts are beneficial, it would be useful to accelerate their implementation. On the other hand, where such impacts of implementation are negative, i.e. leading to an increase in the GHG emissions, it provides an opportunity to modify the policy design in a way the negative impacts on the climate can either be minimized or eliminated altogether. Further, if the pursuit of implementation of certain policies, programmes, schemes, missions, laws etc. are antithetical to the pursuit of India's climate objectives but still desirable from a developmental perspective, then the approach being proposed in this document provides a framework for decision making that is based on informed choices and recognition of the tradeoffs that are involved for a developing country such as India. This document shall be of key importance to the state government, policy makers, climate change researchers, students, organizations working in the domain of the climate change and other key stakeholders. Further, as India, both at the National as well as Sub-National levels, raises its levels of climate action to meet India's NDC commitments, it is crucial to assess whether these actions have produced a meaningful impact, particularly in their ability to capitalize the co-benefits of climate action. It is challenging to measure the effects of such policies on GHG emissions as their pathway is not always direct. Further, consistency is required in timeframes of assessment, and baseline assumptions. The exercise is highly dependent on these factors and the quality of data dictates the uncertainty associated with such assessments. This study is an attempt to initiate a process of system evaluation of policies from a climate perspective, and will hopefully will add significant value as it analyzes the industrial policies from a GHG mitigation perspective, and other indicators such as delivery of resources towards supporting implementation (input indicators), and policy administration activities (activity indicators).
*This report is part of a project by GHG Platform India and is published by them.